Arsheesh was a fisherman who lived by the sea in a small hut in the empire of Calormen. One night, he couldn’t sleep and went down to the shore, where he found a small boat with a dead man and a baby boy inside; the man had apparently starved himself to feed the child, and had died within sight of land. Arsheesh took the child and named him Shasta. Arsheesh was not a nice parent to Shasta, making him do most of the work in the house and beating him whenever he was angry. One day, when a Tarkaan was staying at Arsheesh’s house, the nobleman, who could tell that Shasta is not Arsheesh’s son (as Arsheesh was a Calormene, while Shasta was clearly a Northerner), offered to buy the boy as a slave. Shasta, who was listening in on the two adults, had by this point not known that Arsheesh was not his father, but felt a bit relieved, as he knew that he didn’t love Arsheesh the way a son should love his father. When the Tarkaan’s horse, Bree— actually a Talking Beast from Narnia— told Shasta that the Tarkaan would be a very cruel master, the two agreed to escape together to Narnia.
The Lady of the Green Kurtle-She seems to prefer acting indirectly to achieve her ends, as demonstrated when she sends Eustace, Jill, and Puddleglum to the giants’ castle for the Autumn Feast, and bids them explain that she salutes the giants by them. She knows full well that “man-pies” are a traditional dish for this feast and this is an easy way to get rid of her adversaries. She also plans to attack Narnia from underground, using the enslaved prince as her general, and then rule Narnia perhaps through him as a puppet king. If she can’t kill them, then she will try to co-opt her foes and bring them under her control. To do this, she uses a magical powder that, along with the lulling thrum of a stringed mandolin-like instrument, makes it difficult for people to think. She used this to her advantage by hypnotizing Eustace, Jill, Puddleglum, and Prince Rilian. She very nearly convinces them that not only Narnia, but also the Earth, do not exist. The children are briefly enchanted by her, but Puddleglum and Rillian successfully avoid this. She has the ability to shapeshift into a gigantic green serpent. She used this power to try to kill Prince Rilian and his friends, but was instead killed by the Prince who recognized her serpent form as the one that had killed his mother.
Maugrim-Maugrim is first named when the Pevensie children find a notice signed by him in Mr. Tumnus’s cave, announcing his capture by the Secret Police as punishment for not handing Lucy Pevensie over to the White Witch. Maugrim is first seen when he is acting as a gateguard and messenger for the White Witch at her castle. He takes Edmund’s message to the White Witch and bids him come to her presence. Later, Maugrim and one of his lieutenants are sent to the Beaver’s house in order to “kill whatever they find there” and then proceed to the Stone Table to wait for the Witch. Peter Pevensie eventually kills Maugrim, which earns him the title Sir Peter Wolfsbane. Maugrim is one of the few Talking Animals who sided with the Witch during the Hundred Year Winter, although based on the words of Nikabrik in Prince Caspian a majority of the wolves sided with the Witch at this time. It is, however, clear from the mention of wolves among the former-statues (brought “to life” by Aslan’s breath) who go to the aid of Peter’s army that the wolves either were not all followers of the Witch, or that she saw fit to punish her own by petrification.
Miraz-Miraz is the false king of Narnia, having killed his own brother, Caspian IX, in order to assume the throne. Miraz is a cruel and unpopular king who has banned the teaching of Narnia’s pre-Telmarine history. He tolerates Caspian as his heir until his wife, Prunaprismia, bears a son. Caspian is then forced to flee. He is injured in a storm and sheltered by a talking badger and two dwarfs. He is then taken to visit other “Old Narnians” who live in hiding, and is accepted by them as their rightful king. Civil war ensues between Miraz and the Telmarines against Caspian and the Old Narnians. Caspian uses Susan’s magic horn to call the Pevensies back to Narnia, and Peter duels with King Miraz. But Miraz trips and falls to the ground, and is stabbed to death by his counselor Lord Glozelle in revenge for an earlier insult. Caspian takes his place as king of Narnia, and with the help of Aslan restores the old ways. Aslan offers the Telmarines a chance to live on a secluded island in our world, saying that whoever accepts his proposal will lead a good life, though not in Narnia. Lewis never states what happens to Caspian’s cousin, the son of Miraz and Prunaprismia, who had only recently been born.
Nikabrik-traitorous Black Dwarf who briefly fought alongside Caspian X against Miraz. Was killed when he tried to bring back the White Witch with the aid of a Hag and a Were-Wolf.
Pire: a terrible two-headed giant who threatened Archenland, talked about in Horse and His Boy.
Pug: Pirate and slaver on Felimath( Voyage of the Dawn Treader)
Rabadash-Rabadash goes to war because he is unsuccessful in courting Queen Susan of Narnia. Rabadash tries to make Queen Susan his wife during her visit to Calormen’s capital Tashbaan. Queen Susan knows Rabadash to be cruel and so she refuses his proposal and escapes from his clutches. Rabadash, spoiled, angry, and with an injured pride to nurse, acquires permission from his father to make war on Narnia (though his father does not expect him to return). In order to reach Narnia, he first tries to invade Archenland and fails. At the end of The Horse and His Boy, Aslan gives the captured Rabadash a chance to repent. When Rabadash refuses, Aslan transforms him into a donkey. Aslan commanded Rabadash that he must return to the temple of Tash in Tashbaan and stand before the altar at the time of the autumn feast, when literally thousands of his subjects will be watching. If this is done, he will regain his former person. However, he must live within a ten mile radius of the vicinity of the temple. If he were to risk leaving that vicinity, he would risk being transformed into a donkey for a second time, with no hope of ever changing back. Because he cannot leave Tashbaan, his reign upon assuming the throne is described as incredibly peaceful; he could not make war himself, and feared that any Tarkaan who won glory in war might try to overthrow him. He was called ‘Rabadash the Peacemaker’ to his face by his subjects, and ‘Rabadash the Ridiculous’ behind his back and after his death, with people perceived as being foolish being called “a second Rabadash.”
Rishda Tarkaan: Calormene, plots with Shift to take over Narnia in The Last Battle
Shift-Shift is an ape who, like many animals in Lewis’ work, can talk. At the beginning of the book, he lives near his friend/servant Puzzle the donkey at the base of the Great Waterfall, next to the Cauldron Pool, where the Great River starts its course to the sea. Lewis describes Shift as, “the cleverest, ugliest, most wrinkled Ape you can imagine.”
Throughout the book, Shift’s greed serves as his primary motivation.(King 1984, pp. 14-19) Shift’s actions to satisfy his greed increase in vileness as the story progresses. From lying to his “friend” Puzzle, he moves to manipulating the other talking animals of Narnia. In the end he has no problem murdering them and selling them into slavery to increase his own wealth and power. As Shift’s actions become increasingly evil, he also becomes increasingly human in his appearance and in the way he presents himself. He dons human clothing and explains that he is not an ape, and that if he appears as one, it is only because he is “so very old: hundreds and hundreds of years old.” However, at this stage he takes to drink and becomes increasingly the puppet of the Calormene captain Rishda Tarkaan, and of the cat Ginger. Shift gains the power to pursue these actions by tricking Puzzle into impersonating Aslan, the true leader of Narnia. Later, to secure the assistance of the neighboring country Calormen, he insists that their god Tash and Aslan are one and the same. Shift meets his end when he is forced to confront Tash and is eaten by the monstrous god.
Slinkey: Fox, traitor, killed by Eustace (Last Battle)
Tash-The worship of Tash persists in The Last Battle, the final book of the series, in which he is depicted as a malevolent and real being. He is seen to be roughly humanoid, but much larger than a man, with four arms and the head of a bird of prey. His presence brings cold and the sickening stench of death. Illustrations by Pauline Baynes enhance his macabre appearance. It is said that the Calormenes practice human sacrifice to him. Narnians describe him as a god or a demon. However, it is revealed that many of the Calormene invaders do not really believe in Tash. Together with Shift the scheming ape, Ginger the duplicitous cat and other treacherous Narnians, they concoct a story that Aslan and Tash are the same person, also known as Tashlan. Many (but not all) Narnians see that this is ridiculous, given Aslan’s and Tash’s antithetical natures, but are powerless to contradict the Calormene soldiers. Sending dissenters ‘to meet Tashlan’ in Puzzle’s stable is meant to be a way to secretly murder troublemakers. But one Calormene soldier, Emeth, is so devout that he insists on going in to meet Tash, and vanishes into Aslan’s Country (after killing the man with a sword in the stable meant to murder aforesaid troublemakers). Ginger finds Tash inside the stable, and is terrified into losing the power of speech. When Shift is thrown in, Tash appears and devours him. Finally, the Narnian King Tirian and Calormene warlord Rishda confront Tash. Tash seizes Rishda for having summoned him to Narnia, and is then banished by the command of High King Peter and the name of Aslan. Emeth, who expects Tash to smite unbelievers with heavenly fire, goes searching for Tash in Aslan’s Country, but instead meets Aslan. Aslan tells Emeth ‘all the service thou hast done to Tash, I accept as service done to me’ and further explains ‘no service which is vile can be done to me, and none which is not vile can be done to him’. He explains that Emeth’s pious devotion was really to Aslan, rather than to Tash, although Emeth had not been aware of this, and Emeth finds great happiness in this revelation.
The White Witch-The White Witch was born before the creation of Narnia, Narnian year 0, and died in battle in Narnian year 1000.In The Magician’s Nephew Jadis is revealed to be a native of Charn, where she descended from a long line of kings and queens (Charn is in a different world entirely from Narnia.) This line began well, but grew progressively malevolent over many generations. Jadis, having destroyed Charn, leaves it for the world of Narnia, passing through the Wood Between the Worlds, an endless forest filled with pools of water that act as portals to other worlds, including the worlds of earth and Narnia. While in the Wood, she appears to lose health, strength, and magical ability. Charn is destroyed so utterly that when Jadis leaves its pool in the Wood, the pool dries to nothing. Once in the world of Narnia, Jadis travels to the north, becoming the first of the “Northern Witches”. In The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe, she has usurped power over Narnia, having magically forced the land into an “endless winter” during her reign, which at the beginning of the book had lasted for a hundred years. Even though it had been winter for so long, the Witch prevents Christmas from ever coming during that time. During her reign, the White Witch is styled “Her Imperial Majesty Jadis, Queen of Narnia, Chatelaine of Cair Paravel, Empress of the Lone Islands”. She makes two claims which, if true, might have given her authority to rule over Narnia. The first is that she is human. At the beginning of Narnia, Aslan gave “sons of Adam and daughters of Eve” dominion over all the beasts and magical creatures of Narnia. (Narnian dwarfs are not considered to be human, even though they can and do reproduce with humans; they are referred to as “Sons of Earth”.) Although the White Witch appears human (despite her irregular skin color and abnormal height), Narnian rumor holds that she descends from Adam’s first wife, Lilith, and was half-Jinn and half-giantess and thus not even partially human. The Magician’s Nephew, by contrast, recounts her origin on Charn; but whether the people of Charn are human is never addressed. The witch’s second claim is that she is a servant of the Emberer Over The Sea and rules with his blessing. This is at best a half-truth: she is the first to rebel in Narnia, and by the workings of the Deep Magic she is given ownership of all traitors and the right to kill them. For this reason, Mr. Beaver characterizes her as the Emperor’s hhangman(though Aslan rebukes him for saying this). The Witch favors the Stone Table for her executions. It is explained to the Pevensies that, according to an ancient prophesy, when two sons of Adam and two daughters of Eve fill the four thrones at Cair Paravel as Kings and Queens of Narnia, the reign of the White Witch and the endless winter would end. The White Witch is aware of the prophecy, and employs spies to tell her of any human that came to Narnia. While there are other humans in the world of Narnia at the time of the first book — humans descended from the original King Frank and Queen Helen populate Arrchenland, Calormen, and the island kingdoms — humans are completely unknown in occupied Narnia, to the extent that the Narnians think them mythological. The White Witch’s most notorious deed, aside from uttering the Deplorable Word in Charn, is killing Aslan on the Stone Table (as a surrogate for Edmund), her right by the Deep Magic. Aslan returns to life by Deeper Magic, and in the subsequent battle, Aslan leaps upon the Witch and kills her, ending her reign of terror. In Prince Caspian Nikabrik (a dwarf), a hag, and a werewolf plan to bring back the Witch using black sorcery in their bid to defeat king Miraz, but their plan backfires when they are killed in a fight with the king and his allies. In The Silver Chair she is called one of the “Northern Witches”, along with the Lady of the Green Kurtle who Glimfeather (the Owl) speculates may be “of the same crew” as the White Witch, though Jadis was the only survivor of Charn.